Anwar Choudhry: Lot of information here. ‘Abdullah al-Zubairi (d. 236/851) suggesting that he too preferred the Twenty-Eight opinion. It is said that when the Quraysh's trade caravan travelers gathered to embark upon their summer journey to Syria or winter journey to Yemen, Khadijah's caravan equalled the caravans of all other traders of the Quraysh put together. According to some/many traditions, he died c. AD 585 in the Sacrilegious War, but according to others, he was still alive when Khadijah married Muhammad in 595. Khadijah was the first one the Prophet (peace be upon him) called to Allah (Glorified is He), and as a result she entered Islam. As it is seen, our Holy Prophet (PBUH) married this elderly woman only due to the devotion and loyalty she had towards Allah and her faith and through such means, he was taking her under his protection and allowing her to attain the honor of being “a mother of the believers.” 1. Likewise, another early authority al-Baladhuri (d. 279/892) states: وتزوج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم خديجة وهو ابن خمس وعشرين سنة، وهي ابنة أربعين سنة. وذلك الثبت عند العلماء, The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) married Khadija when he was twenty-five years old and she was forty years old. At the time of the marriage, the Prophet SAW was twenty-five years old, while Khadijah was forty years old. While the order of her marriages is debated, it is generally believed that she first married Atiq ibn 'A'idh ibn' Abdullah Al-Makhzumi and second Malik ibn Nabash ibn Zargari ibn at-Tamimi. He said: Khadija was fifteen years older to him.[4]. With the permission of Abu Talib ibn Muttalib, his uncle, he was sent to Syria with one of Khadijah's servants. Khadijah (R.A) lived with the prophet (SAW) for 25 years and was his only wife during that time. Muhammad insisted that Zayd be given a choice about where he lived, and Zayd decided to remain where he was, after which Muhammad legally adopted Zayd as his own son. Even after Khadija’s death, the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of God be upon him) remembered her often, as she was the mother of his children and his rock from the get-go. Muhammad ibn Sa‘d states: قال: أخبرنا محمد بن عمر بن واقد الأسلمي. His companions called that year the year of grief. Hazrat Khadija bint Khuwaylid (R.A): Khadijah was the first wife of Prophet Muhammad, whom she met as a widow of a wealthy merchant however had gotten prosperous in her own right. When he bowed down, the young boy and the woman bowed, and when he stood up straight, they, too, did likewise. She had died three years before I married the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. She was sixty-five years old.[11]. Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (Arabic: خَدِيجَة بِنْت خُوَيْلِد ‎, Khadījah bint Khuwaylid, born AD 555 – 22 November AD 619), commonly known as Khadija, was the first wife and first follower of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.Khadijah was the daughter of Khuwaylid ibn Asad, a leader of Quraysh tribe in Mecca, and a successful businesswoman in her own right. [40] Khadijah continued to maintain the community until the boycott was lifted in late 619 or early 620. Most of sources stated that Khadija (a) was 40 years old when she married the Prophet (s). Muhammad and Khadijah were married monogamously for 25 years. she married the Holy Prophet (PBUH&HF). Qur’an Preservation Efforts During the Prophet’s Lifetime. She was the first woman to embrace Islam. [16], For the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion, the narration from Ibn ‘Abbas comes through the notorious link “Abu Salih – Muhammad bin Sa’ib al-Kalbi” which falls in the “chain of lies.”[17]. This proves that it was not weird for an Arab or Qurayshi woman to bear children during her 40s or even 50s. Absence of the words under consideration in the actual work al-Hakim perused confirms our understanding that they cannot be attributed to Mus‘ab. [20] Khadijah's uncle accepted the proposal, and the marriage took place. Sham‘un bore him a son named Ibrahim. ‘Urwah reported: Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “I never felt so jealous about any woman as I did for Khadijah. All but one of the narrations for the Forty-Year opinion come through Muhammad bin ‘Umar al-Waqidi who, though severely criticized,[15] is known for his extensive knowledge and is recognized as indispensable when it comes to historical accounts about the biographic details of the companions and the campaigns of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). She gave him love and advice whenever he needed it. Abbas asked his guest who answered in the negative. I have heard the scholars saying, ‘No woman bears a child after sixty except if she is from the Quraysh nor does she bear one after fifty except if she is an Arab.[50]. Hind bint Atiq. "Do you know who he is?" ‘Abdullah, this is not actually the case. Besides, Khadija was very rich, and every man in Mecca wanted to marry her for that reason alone. I think we all know, that Khadijah bint Khuwaylid was the first woman to be married to the Prophet Muhammad. This paper surveys the various transmitted opinions regarding her age at the time of her marriage, and, with analytical rigour, establishes that the traditional convergence on the forty-year opinion has substantive backing from the earliest sources as compared to the recently resurgent twenty-eight-year opinion. [20], Khadijah died in "Ramadan of the year 10 after the Prophethood",[41] i.e., in November AD 619. if you google for "The Sons of Khadija" by M. J. Kister (1993), you will find interesting evidence that she was actually only about 28.That makes sense when you consider that she bore Mohammed six children. If Khadija’s story hasn’t broken stereotypes about Islam … [24][25][26][27], However, some sources also claim that she was around the age of 25-28 or 30 by others. Reality of ‘Missing’ Qur’anic Verse on Suckling, Two Issues around Prophet Muhammad’s Marriage with Safiyya, Hadith and Protection of Makkah and Madina from Plague, On meaning of the hadith “there is no contagious disease”, Truth about Jauniyya, the woman who sought refuge from the Prophet (ﷺ), Mothers of the Believers pt.3 | Khadija bint Khuwaylid (pt.1), Seerah of Prophet Muhammed Episode 9 – Marriage to Khadija & Re-building Kaa’ba. In the years immediately following Khadijah's death, Muhammad faced persecution from opponents of his message and also from some who originally followed him but had now turned back. Mus‘ab said: They were in this order. At that time she was a very rich widow. Mariya was a Copt gifted to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) by Maquqas, the ruler of Alexandria …[37]. They were married for 25 years. Dealing with Revisionists' Contentions on the Age of 'Aisha, 3. She was then sixty-five years old.[10]. I think it’s just an unnecessary exercise to make the traditional Seerah dubious. At the age of forty, a widow and a wealthy business-woman, Khadijah (ra) married the Prophet (saws) when he was twenty-five, in what proved to be a relationship of profound love, loyalty and friendship. Prophetic Medicine: Notions, Conceptions, and Caveats. On the contrary, there are not many scholars who preferred the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion. After giving Hisham bin ‘Urwa’s narration for the Forty-Year opinion, al-Hakim states: هذا قول شاذ، فإن الذي عندي أنها لم تبلغ ستين سنة, This is an anomalous [shadh] opinion. According to most authorities Khadija had four daughters and two sons. ‘Abdullah al-Zubairi related to us: First child of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was al-Qasim, next was Zainab, then ‘Abdullah, then ‘Umm Kulthum, then Ruqayya. While one does get the impression that the final part in the above quote relevant to our topic had also comes from Mus‘ab b. [15], She sent one of her servants, Maysarah, to assist him. [21] Ibn Sa’d, Muhammad, Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol.8, 13, [22] Al-Baladhuri, Ahmad bin Yahya, Ansab al-Ashraf, Beirut: Dar al-Fekr, 1996, Vol.1, 98, [23] Ibn Habib, al-Muhabbar, Beirut: Dar al-Afaq al-Jadida, n.d., 79, [24] Al-Maqdisi, al-Mutahhir, al-Bad‘ wa al-Tarikh, Port Said: Maktaba Thaqafa al-Diniya, n.d., Vol.4, 138 and Vol.5, 10, [25] Al-Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan, A’lam al-Nubuwwa, Beirut: Maktaba al-Hilal, 1409, 180, [26] Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr, al-Isti’ab fi Ma’rifa al-Ashab, Amman: Dar al-A’lam, 2002, 888 No. As accepted by Watt, bearing children during her 40s is by no means impossible for a woman. she accepted Islam. KHADIJAH BINT KHUWAYLID RA Umm-al-Mu’minîn (Mother of Believers) Narrated Ali (RA): I heard the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) saying, “Mary, the daughter of Imran, was the best among the women (of the world of her time) and Khadijah is the best amongst the women (of this nation).” Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 58 Hadith 164 Ibn Taymiyyah states: ومعلوم أن الواقدي نفسه خير عند الناس من مثل هشام بن الكلبي وأبيه محمد بن السائب وأمثالهما, It is known that for people al-Waqidi is better than Hisham bin al-Kalbi and his father Muhammad bin al-Sa’ib and the likes of them.[18]. Shi'a scholars believed Khadijah did not marry anyone before Muhammad. Khadija (radi Allahu anha) addressed the Prophet … So she sent her friend Nafeesah bint Maniyyah to tell the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about that. [13], عن محمد بن إسحاق، أن أبا طالب وخديجة بنت خويلد هلكا في عام واحد، وذلك قبل مهاجر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى المدينة بثلاث سنين، ودفنت خديجة بالحجون، ونزل في قبرها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، وكان لها يوم تزوجها ثمان وعشرون سنة, Muhammad bin Ishaq said: Abu Talib and Khadija bint Khuwaylid died in the same year. Furthermore, scholars have stated that al-Waqidi, despite the criticism he has received, is far better than the two al-Kalbis. [45], this latter reports [sic] seems preferable on biological grounds, since seven children were born to her from the Holy Prophet. two children attributed to Khadijah were the children of Hala, Khadija's sister. [38] They either go on to give the fuller quote from Mus‘ab mentioning the birth of the Prophet’s (ﷺ) children and the death of his sons from Khadija followed with the mention of birth of Ibrahim from Mariya as with Ibn Asakir (d. 571/1176)[39] and Ibn Kathir (d. 774/1373)[40] or they turn to some other quote or discussion as with Ibn Manda (d. 395/1005)[41] and Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr (d. أخبرنا هشام بن محمد بن السائب عن أبيه عن أبي صالح عن ابن عباس قال:كانت خديجة يوم تزوجها رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – ابنة ثمان وعشرين سنة, Hisham bin Muhammad bin al-Sa’ib reports from his father [Muhammad bin al-Sa’ib al-Kalbi] from Abu Salih that Ibn ‘Abbas said: At the time of marriage with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), Khadija was twenty-eight years old. So, with lady Khadijah we begin our journey of discovering the personalities of the Prophet’s wives. This caravan experience earned Muhammad the honorific titles “Al-Sadiq ("the Truthful")” and Al-Amin ("the Trustworthy" or "Honest"). Upon returning, Maysarah gave accounts of the honorable way that Muhammad had conducted his business, with the result that he brought back twice as much profit as Khadijah had expected. Mohammad (pbuh) was a widower for about a couple of years after Khadija( RA)’s death; then he thought of marrying again. Muhammad was monogamously married to her for 25 years. وولدت قبل الفيل بخمس عشرة سنة وولدت أنا قبل الفيل بثلاث عشرة سنة. A number of later scholars have quoted these lines from Mus‘ab’s nephew Zubair al-Bakkar (d. 256/870) and as a rule have nothing on the age of Khadija. Similarly, in the report of al-Zuhri and al-Muttalib bin Abullah bin Hantab, it is stated: وتوفيت خديجة لعشر خلون من شهر رمضان في السنة العاشرة من النبوة قبل الهجرة بثلاث سنين وهي بنت خمس وستين سنة, Khadija died on the tenth of Ramadan in the tenth year of Prophethood, three years before Hijra. His first marriage was to a widow named Khadijah, who had been married twice and whom he married when she was forty years old and he was twenty-five. أخبرنا مغيرة بن عبد الرحمن الأسدي عن أهله قالوا: سألنا حكيم بن حزام أيهما كان أسن رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – أو خديجة. a year ago. [6], Khadijah's mother, Fatima bint Za'idah, who died around AD 575,[7] was a member of the Amir ibn Luayy clan of the Quraysh[8] and a third cousin of Muhammad's mother. The answer came again in the negative, to which Abbas said, "She is Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, my nephew's wife." Likewise, al-Waqidi reports through the same narrators from the first report above: حكيم بن حزام يقول:  توفيت خديجة بنت خويلد في شهر رمضان سنة عشر من النبوة وهي يومئذ بنت خمس وستين, Hakim bin Hizam said: Khadija bint Khuwaylid died in Ramadan in the tenth year of the Prophethood. The adopted daughters attributed to Muhammad, by Shia sources, are: "There has come to him,” Waraḳa says, “the greatest law that came to Moses; surely he is the prophet of this people”[59], www.wikipedian.net Khadija bint Khuwaylid Khadija bint Khuwaylid, List of 1968 box office number-one films in the United States, 1962 Gujarat Legislative Assembly election, 10 Ramadan BH 3 in the ancient (intercalated) Arabic calendar. وإنها كانت يوم تزوجها رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – بنت أربعين سنة. [18] He died before his business became a success. Khadijah was the daughter of Khuwaylid ibn Asad, a leader of Quraysh tribe in Mecca, and a successful businesswoman in her own right. Towards the end of her report about the proposal and the marriage she mentions the ages of the couple. Compared to it the other opinions, including the Twenty-Eight-Year one, are either signally weak, or altogether baseless. Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (Arabic: خَدِيجَة بِنْت خُوَيْلِد‎, Khadījah bint Khuwaylid, born AD 555[1] – 22 November AD 619), commonly known as Khadija, was the first wife and first follower of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Abd-Allah was known as at-Tayyib ("the Good") and at-Tahir ("the Pure") because he was born after Muhammad was declared a prophet by the Angel Gabriel as a direct message from Allah. [17] To her second husband she bore two sons, who were named Hala and Hind. On the appointed day Muhammad (peace be upon him) along with his uncle Abu Talib and Hamzah and several other chiefs of his tribe, went to Khadijah's house. ثم مات عبد الله. The youngest of them was ‘Abdullah about whom the scholars differ on whether he was born before or after the proclamation of the message. Khadija was buried in al-Hajun. 70% average accuracy. [11] Honorifics associated with Khadijah included, “Ameerat-Quraysh (“Princess of Quraysh“),” “The Pious One,” and “Khadijah Al-Kubra (“Khadijah the Great”).”[12] It is said that she fed and clothed the poor, assisted her relatives financially and provided marriage portions for poor relations. This has been done by scholars from both the orientalist camp and (mostly) non-traditionalists in the Muslim camp. [35] It was her encouragement that helped Muhammad believe in his mission and spread Islam. Do you know who the woman is?" The Age of Khadija at the Time of her Marriage with the Prophet, قال أبو عبد الله: قرأت بخط أبي بكر بن أبي خيثمة قال: حدثنا مصعب بن عبد الله الزبيري قال: أكبر ولد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم القاسم , ثم زينب، ثم عبد الله، ثم أم كلثوم، ثم فاطمة، ثم رقية قال مصعب: هم هكذا: الأول فالأول، ثم مات القاسم وهو أول ميت من ولده، مات بمكة،. In moments of trial and difficulty, the prophet used to come to her and she consoled and comforted her husband and encouraged him. retorted al-Abbas. فولد رسول الله – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -: القاسم، وهو أكبر ولده؛ ثم زينب؛ ثم عبد الله؛ ثم أم كلثوم، ثم فاطمة؛ ثم رقية؛ هم هكذا، الأول فالأول. [43] She was buried in Jannat al-Mu'alla cemetery, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. On the other hand there are only two reports for the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion – one from Ibn ‘Abbas through the two Kalbis and another from Ibn Ishaq. Khadijah was the daughter of Khuwaylid ibn Asad, a leader of Quraysh tribe in Mecca, and a successful businesswoman in her own right. This is by no means impossible, but one would have thought it sufficiently unusual to merit comment; it is even the sort of thing that might well have been treated as miraculous. The third narration comes from Nafisa bint Munya, the very person who brought Khadija’s proposal to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). The uncles agreed to the marriage, and Muhammad's uncles accompanied him to make a formal proposal to Khadijah. [12] Khadijah was said to have neither believed in nor worshipped idols (Taghut), which was atypical for pre-Islamic Arabian culture. The names of the seven children whom she bore to Muhammad are mentioned in the sources – al-Qasim, Ruqayyah, Zainab, Umm Kulthum, Fatimah, ‘Abdallah (at-Tayyib), and at-Tahir; of these the boys all died young. [37] Khadijah also invested her wealth in the mission. [16], Khadijah married three times and had children from all her marriages. Khadija (may Allah be pleased with her) was never shy to go after what she wanted. Ibn Shahrashub quoted from al-Sayyid al-Murtada in al-Shafi and al-Shaykh al-Tusi in al-Talkhis that Khadijah was a virgin when she married Muhammad. وخديجة يومئذ بنت أربعين سنة. Thereafter, a-Qasim died and he was first of his children to die and he died in Makkah. They attacked, imprisoned and beat the Muslims, who sometimes went for days without food or drink. The number of children she bore b Luckily the work of Mus‘ab b. The Sunni scholar Yusuf ibn abd al-Barr says: "His children born of Khadīja are four daughters; there is no difference of opinion about that. Then ‘Abdullah too died. Hakim Niaz Ahmad, in his uselessly laborious work on revisionist contentions around the age of Aisha, also questions the Forty-Year pinion about age of Khadija for the same kind of ‘rationalist’ contentions.[49]. She chose Muhammad ibn Abdullah for the trade in Syria. It is established that Khadija died in the tenth year after the Prophet’s proclamation of the message, twenty-five years after her marriage with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). Khadijah (RA) was a source of immense love, strength, and comfort for … After her death, Muhammad took other wives. Al-Hakim is apparently the only classical scholar who preferred the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion. [23], Khadijah was 40 when she was married to Muhammad. Zaid and Umm Ayman were married after the Prophet (ﷺ) had pronounced the message (al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak, Hadith 6910) This means Zaid was about thirty-five and Umm Ayman nearly sixty years old when Usama was born. [14] Khadijah hired Muhammad, who was then 25 years old, sending word that she would pay double her usual commission. In an age where the biographic details of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) have become the subject of a lot of discussion, this new opinion has brought with it the suggestion that the traditional and more well-known opinion is based on apologetic considerations. When they were married, the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was 25 years old, and Khadijah was 40. [8], محمد بن صالح، وعبد الرحمن بن عبد العزيز، قالا: توفيت خديجة لعشر خلون من شهر رمضان وذلك قبل الهجرة بثلاث سنين وهي يومئذ بنت خمس وستين سنة, Muhammad bin Salih and Abdul Rahman bin Abdul Aziz both said: Khadija died on the tenth of Ramadan. [19] All the other narrators for the two opinions are from later generations. All of the sons died in young age. After the Prophet’s SAW uncle, Abu Talib, had given the proposed marriage his blessing, Muhammad SAW and Khadijah were married. She was 15 years older than Muhammad. ‘A’ishah reported that she was once irritated by Muhammad’s continued praise for Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her), so she complained, asking why he continued to remember an old lady who was not so beautiful, when God had replaced her … Khadija was buried in al-Hajun. [47] Al-‘Umri, Akram Diya, al-Sira al-Nabawiya al-Sahiha, Madina: Maktaba al-‘Ulum wa al-Hikam, 1994, 113, [48] See his video lecture, “Seerah of Prophet Muhammed Episode 9 – Marriage to Khadija & Re-building Kaa’ba”, Time Slice 21:39 – 24:44, [49] Ahmad, Hakim Niaz, Kashf al-Ghumma ‘an ‘Umar Umm al-Umma – Tahqiq ‘Umar Aisha, Karachi: Mashkur Academy, n.d., Vol.2, 3-5, [50] Al-Baghdadi, Khatib, Tarikh Baghdad, Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 2002, Vol.15, 11, [51] Al-Jahiz, Abu ‘Uthman, “Fakhar al-Sudan ‘ala al-Bidan” included in Rasa’il al-Jahiz, Cairo: Maktabat al-Khaniji, 1964, Vol.1, 213; elsewhere al-Jahiz records statements suggesting that Arab women used to maintain good looks till they were well advanced in age, al-Mahasin wa al-Aḍdad, Beirut: Maktaba al-Hilal, 187. We and the scholars around us [all] say that Khadija was born fifteen years before the Event of the Elephant and when the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) married her she was forty years old.[21]. At that time she was the most wealthy and intelligent, and had the noblest lineage of all the women in her tribe. She was born fifteen years before the Incident of the Elephant and I was born thirteen years before it. At that time the Prophet Muhammad was 25 years old, while Khadijah was 40 years old (another opinion said 28 years). Lady Khadijah got married by her own option and freedom, turning her back to the traditions of her age that it was man who would propose to woman and not vice versa. Another possible example can be Umm Ayman who was married to Zaid bin Haritha and bore him Usama bin Zaid when she was nearly sixty years old.[52]. "Is it, really?" Muhammad's wives, or the wives of Muhammad, were the women married to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.Muslims often use the term "Mothers of the Believers" prominently before or after referring to them as a sign of respect, a term derived from the Quran.Muhammad was monogamous for 25 years when married to his first wife, Khadija bint Khuwaylid.After her death in 619 CE, he over time married … [44], Another report Muhammad bin Ishaq said," Abu Talib and Khadija bint Khuwaylid died in the same year. In the meantime, our Holy Prophet (PBUH) was 25 years old whereas Hazrat Khadija was 40. While al-Hakim (d. 405/1015) gives a narration of Ibn Ishaq (d. 151/768)  in favour of this opinion, it is neither found in Ibn Ishaq’s work on Sirah nor in Ibn Hisham’s better known rendition of the same. In terms of explicit narrations the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion is based on the following two accounts. [19], Two other children also lived in Khadijah's household: Ali ibn Abi Talib, the son of Muhammad's uncle; and Zayd ibn Harithah, a boy from the Udhra tribe who had been kidnapped and sold into slavery. There are quite a few opinions transmitted about the age of Khadija at the time of her marriage with the Prophet. Ghamidi, Muwatta, and the Return of ‘Eisa, Opposition to Rajm (Stoning): Analysis and Refutation. Then ‘Abdullah died. [38][39], In 616 the Quraysh declared a trade boycott against the Hashim clan. They loved each other truly and deeply. Religious Studies. She and her daughter Fatimah are two of the most important female figures in Islam. [19] (Sources disagree about number of children: Al-Tabari names eight; the earliest biography of Muhammad, by Ibn Ishaq, names seven children; most sources only identify six). Grand son(s): Hasan ibn Ali, Husayn ibn Ali, Ali ibn Zainab. The others either belonged to Khadijah's sister or were from a previous marriage and were treated by Muhammad as his own daughters. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) married and consummated the marriage with 11 wives: 1. Even in terms of acceptance with the scholars, both early and late, the Forty-Year opinion tarries better than the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion. قال هشام بن محمد: نكح رسول الله ص خديجة، وهو ابن خمس وعشرين سنة، وخديجة يومئذ ابنة أربعين سنة. He loved her so deeply, and she loved him as deeply. 1122/1710).[33]. At the time of the marriage Muhammad was 25 years old and Khadijah was 40 years old. For the Forty-Year opinion we have three reports from Hakim bin Hizam, one from Nafisa bint Munya, and a report each from al-Zuhri, al-Muttalib bin ‘Abdullah bin Hantab, Hisham bin Muhammad al-Kalbi, Hisham bin ‘Urwa, Muhammad bin Salih, and ‘Abdul Rahman bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz. This answers Hakim Niaz Ahmad who could not make sense of the Prophet (ﷺ) marrying a 40-year-old lady at the age of twenty-five, and instead attributed it to an alleged desire on the part of Muslims to see something ‘unnatural’ in Prophet’s conduct, Kashf al-Ghumma, Vol.2, 3. In the past century, however, we have seen people using rationalist arguments based on biological contentions to undermine the Forty-Year opinion and highlight the other opinions. [31] Muhammad agreed to meet with Khadijah, and after this meeting they consulted their respective uncles. عن هشام بن عروة قال: توفيت خديجة بنت خويلد رضي الله عنها وهي ابنة خمس وستين سنة, Hisham bin ‘Urwa said: Khadija bint Khuwaylid died at the age of sixty-five. She is said to have confirmed and supported his prophethood and to have been the first person to believe in his message, though she died before the crystallization of … This was three years before the emigration of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) to Madina. [22], Along with the narrators of the Forty-Year opinion, the scholars who preferred the Forty-Year opinion by either narrating only this or narrating this positively (bil-jazm) and the other(s) in a doubtful tone (sigha al-tamrid) include: Ibn Habib (d. 245/860)[23], al-Mutahhir al-Maqdisi (d. circa 355/966),[24] al-Mawardi (d. 450/1058),[25] Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr (d. 463/1071),[26] Ibn al-Jawzi (d. 597/1201),[27] Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (d. 630/1233),[28] Ibn Sayyid al-Nas (d. 734/1334),[29] Ibn Jam’ah al-Kinani (d. 767/1366),[30] al-Maqrizi (d. 845/1441),[31] al-Malti (d. 920/1514),[32] and al-Zarqani (d. Khadija had then reached sixty-five years of age; and it was also said that she had reached her fifties and this is more correct.[36]. [20], Khadijah proposed to Muhammad when he was 25 years old and she was 40 years old. The difference between the numbers of narrations for the two opinions is very significant. [45] Hamidullah, Dr., Le Prophete de l’Islam: Sa Vie et Son Ouvre/ The Life and Work of the Prophet of Islam, Translated by Dr. Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi, New Delhi: Adam Publishers, 2007, 49. Khadija was two years older to me. Yet no single word of comment occurs in the pages of Ibn Hisham, Ibn Sa’d, or at-Tabari.[44]. Abdullah also died in childhood. Muhammad later called this tenth year "the Year of Sorrow", as his uncle and protector Abu Talib also died at this time. Al-Waqidi, besides giving the numerous reports for the Forty-Year opinion, states: ونحن نقول ومن عندنا من أهل العلم إن خديجة ولدت قبل الفيل بخمس عشرة سنة. 595 AD: Married Khadijah, the daughter of Khuwailid (she died in 619 AD) 619 AD: Married Ai'sha, the daughter of Abu Bakr (she was 6 years old, when he was 50) 619 AD: Married Sawdah, the daughter of Zama 624 AD: Married Hafsah, the daughter of Omar 625 AD: Married Zaynab, the daughter of Gahsh and the wife of Zayd (see above) They were married for 25 years, and she bore him seven children : 3 sons and 4 daughters. Hostile tribes ridiculed and stoned him. After Hala’s husband’s death, Khadijah took care of Hala and (after Hala’s death) Hala’s children. Among those who have popularized this opinion are Dr. Hamidullah and Dr. Akram Diya al-‘Umri. ثم ولدت له مارية بنت شمعون بن إبراهيم، وهي القبطية التي أهداها إلى رسول الله – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – المقوقس صاحب الإسكندرية، …, Al-Qasim was born to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and he was eldest of his children. However, it is untenable as it is not substantiated by any chain of narrators or a reference to an earlier work. A merchant [ how old was khadijah when she married the prophet ] and leader sallallahu alayhi wasallam ) 25 Muhammad was monogamously to! Shy to go after what she wanted daughters Zaynab, Ruqayyah, Umm Kulthum, then ‘,. Opinion said 28 years ) was fifty when his wife Khadijah ( may Allah be pleased with her.... Attacked, imprisoned and beat the Muslims, who was then sixty-five years old, sending that... Who traded through the primary commerce centres at that time she was the first woman to bear during! 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