Germination occurs in late winter or spring. It is also the most vigorous tree in the forest. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. There are about 128 species of maple trees in the Acer plant genus. Like sugar maple, bigleaf maple has sweet sap that can be made into syrup. Enter your email address if you would like a reply: The information on this form is collected under the authority of Sections 26(c) and 27(1)(c) of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act to help us assess and respond to your enquiry. About the Bigleaf Maple trees of British Columbia, Canada. Bigleaf Maple. Burls are used for clocks and tabletops. Propagation:  Seeds do not store well. Another interesting trait of these maples is that they can grow new and multiple big branches if the tree is damaged, even if the tree is broken or cut down. has declared a state of emergency. The sugar maple tree may grow to a height of 40 metres (130 feet). Use by Wildlife: The seeds, buds and flowers of Big-Leaf Maple are a favorite food of many small mammals and birds. The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum). The Big Leaf Maple tree (Acer macrophyllum) is one of the few Maple tree species that grow native in the Northwestern United States. Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) Return to our Trees of Canada resource here: ... Tree Canada is a registered charity. Growth: Big-Leaf Maple grows rapidly when young, more slowly as it ages. This is the general shape and outline of the Bigleaf maple. Like sugar maple, bigleaf maple has sweet sap that can be made into syrup. Many of the root systems are typically dense and fibrous, inhibiting the growth of other vegetation underneath them. The Klallam People infused the bark for sore throats and turberculosis. The leaves of Bigleaf maple are lobed with 5 to 7 lobes. the minimum age for seed crops is about 10 years, potential for natural regeneration in low light, higher, providing the presence of exposed mineral soil and if considering vegetative reproduction, potential for natural regeneration in the open, providing the presence of exposed mineral soil, up to 5 m in one growing season from stump sprouts, response of advance regeneration to release, advance regeneration does not develop in the absence of adequate light and seedbeds, light conditions beneath closed-canopy, mature stands, associates with well developed moss and herb layers, site index functions are not available; probably similar to red alder. The diameter of the truck is between 36-48 inches (90 cm -120 cm). The red color of its leaves, in autumn, makes it an attractive tree that will certainly stand out on any property. Considering its wildlife and aesthetic values and soil improvement capacity, it is a useful short-term or even a long-term, minor admixture in coniferous stands, such as common douglas stands, in southwestern B.C. It is often 10-15 degrees cooler under a big maple tree. Bigleaf maple is a commercially important hardwood timber for the United States’ west coast, where it is virtually the only commercial maple species in the region. Name: Acer pectinatum Forrestii. As the moss-layer thickens and begins to decompose enough soil is sometimes created for tree seedlings to germinate. Maple syrup can be made by boiling down the sap. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. The greenish-yellow flower clusters make a tasty garnish for salads. In the Landscape: Although this tree may be too big for a small yard, it is impressive in larger yards and parks. In autumn, the leaves turn vibrant shades of gold and orange. Most maples are trees growing to 10–45 meters (33–148 feet) height. Bigleaf maple may invade gaps created by windthrow of climax tree species, such as western redcedar on floodplains and colluvial sites and retain its presence in old-growth stands. Diagnostic Characters: Big-Leaf Maple is easily recognizable by its large 5-lobed leaves–often 12-inches (30cm) across, but sometimes much smaller– 6” (15cm). It frequently grows in clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump. The shape is often rounded at maturity. Bigleaf maple is a medium-sized (<30 m tall), deciduous, broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a broad, rounded crown, often curved stem (in the open, the stem soon divides into a few large spreading and ascending branches), and grayish-brown bark which is shallowly furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. Big Leaf Maple is a soil building species, meaning that it improves the soil conditions where it grows. *Don't provide personal information . In British Columbia, bigleaf maple grows occasionally in even-aged, pure stands, but most commonly in early and intermediate stages of secondary succession mixed with conifers or hardwoods. 11 of 17. Wetland designation: FACU, Facultative upland, it usually occurs in non-wetland but is occasionally found in wetlands. The very young shoots are a nice spring snack that can be eaten straight or added to salads. Trees. It typically grows 30-75 feet (10-25m) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 feet (30m) tall. Use by people: Natives found this tree very useful. Comments will be sent to 'servicebc@gov.bc.ca'. Maples vary radically in size. Image by robertnowland. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized.Size, Longevity, and FormMature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Virginia Tech ID Fact Sheet + Landowner Fact Sheet, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. They become astringent and slightly bitter as they get larger. Big Leaf Maple is a soil building species, meaning that it … Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre). The images in this post are from a stand of trees growing along the Multnomah Falls visitor trail that leads up to a bridge at the base of the main water fall (except for the leaf picture above which is from a young tree that I found on Mount Tabor Park in Portland). Maples are trees under the genus Acer, classified into the family Aceraceae. Douglas squirrels will cache the seeds. Distribution: Big-Leaf Maple is native to the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California. The trunk can grow to … The wood was extremely popular for carving both artwork and useful items such as dishes and paddles. Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. The Oregon, or bigleaf, maple (A. macrophyllum) provides commercially valuable wood darker than that of other maples; it shows bright-orange fall foliage. As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. Its wood is used for furniture, flooring, interior paneling, and musical instruments. It looks terrific in any season. And what about Maple Syrup? By: Jackie Carroll Printer Friendly Version. Bigleaf maple mostly occurs in maritime climates of southwestern BC, where it grows predominantly on colluvial slopes or alluvial landforms. Here on Vancouver Island, the Bigleaf Maple is the largest and most common maple tree. Habitat: Although Big-Leaf Maple will grow on drier sites, it is often found along stream banks and does best on similarly moist sites—its leaves will grow bigger and more impressive when growing in moist, shady areas. Allergic reaction to it can cause serious harm to human health. In autumn, the leaves turn vibrant shades of gold and orange. View Product Details View Product Details COMMON HACKBERRY QUICK FACTS BIG LEAF MAPLE QUICK FACTS Zone: 2b Zone: 5a Height: 25 m (82 ft) … Its leaves are also the biggest on any maple tree, reaching 12 to 24 inches across. 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