A province shall execute the orders of the Executive Yuan and supervise matters governed by the counties. Article 2. The State shall, in accordance with the will of the ethnic groups, safeguard the status and political participation of the aborigines. Twenty delegates shall be elected from among the citizens of the Republic of China who reside abroad. The relationship between the central government and the provincial and county governments. To determine major policies for national security, the president may establish a national security council and a subsidiary national security bureau. . The election of members of the Legislative Yuan shall be completed within three months prior to the expiration of each term, in accordance with the following provisions, the restrictions in Article 64 and Article 65 of the Constitution notwithstanding: Members for the seats set forth in Subparagraph 1 of the preceding paragraph shall be elected in proportion to the population of each Special Municipality, county, or city, which shall be divided into electoral constituencies equal in number to the number of members to be elected. the National Assembly of the Republic of China, Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China (2000), https://web.archive.org/web/20060712040715/http://www.gio.gov.tw/info/news/additional.htm, https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=Additional_Articles_of_the_Constitution_of_the_Republic_of_China_(2005)&oldid=9652742, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 4. The president of the Executive Yuan shall be appointed by the president. The revised Additional Articles promulgated on July 21, 1997 would remain in effect. The pair that receive the highest number of votes shall be elected. The Control Yuan shall be the highest control body of the State and shall exercise the powers of impeachment, censure and audit; and the pertinent provisions of Article 90 and Article 94 of the Constitution concerning the exercise of the power of consent shall not apply. 3. Beginning with the Seventh Legislative Yuan, the Legislative Yuan shall have 113 members, who shall serve a term of four years, which is renewable after re-election. The State shall accord to nationals of the Republic of China residing overseas protection of their rights of political participation. The State shall promote universal health insurance and promote the research and development of both modern and traditional medicines. 3. Article 4. While the Legislative Yuan is in session, its members shall have the right to interpellate the president of the Executive Yuan and the heads of ministries and other organizations under the Executive Yuan. The presidential and vice presidential candidates shall register jointly and be listed as a pair on the ballot. Impeachment of the president or the vice president by the Legislative Yuan shall be initiated upon the proposal of more than one-half of the total members of the Legislative Yuan and passed by more than two-thirds of the total members of the Legislative Yuan, whereupon it shall be presented to the grand justices of the Judicial Yuan for adjudication. However, should the emergency decree be issued after the election of new members of the Legislative Yuan, the new members shall vote on the ratification of the decree after their inauguration. Article 36: This article inserts a new sentence in paragraph 2 of article 1 of the Constitution after “[t]he socialist system is the basic system of the People’s Republic of China.” The new sentence reads, “The defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China.” The president and vice president shall be directly elected by the entire populace of the free area of the Repub lic of China. The Republic of China, founded on the Three Principles of the People, shall be a democratic republic of the People, to be governed by the people, and for the people. Rights and obligations between the people of the Chinese mainland area and those of the free area, and the disposition of other related affairs may be specified by law. The management, personnel, budget proposals, final budgets, and audit of the said organizations may be specified by law. The State shall encourage development of and investment in science and technology, facilitate the upgrade of industry, promote the modernization of agriculture and fishery, emphasize the exploitation and utilization of water resources, and strengthen international economic cooperation. This shall be effective from the election for the ninth-term president and vice president in 1996. As a result, the injury-elimination margin for the People's Republic of China was found to be 94,1 %, which is lower than the dumping margin and should therefore, in accordance with Article 7 (2) of the Basic Regulation, constitute the basis for the provisional anti-dumping duty for all imports originating in the People's Republic of China. Additional Articles To meet the requisites of the nation prior to national unification, the following articles of the ROC Constitution are added or amended to the ROC Constitution in accordance with Article 27, Paragraph 1, Item 3; and Article 174, Item 1: The speaker shall represent the National Assembly and preside over its meetings when that body is in session. 6. Where the number exceeds ten, one seat out of each additional ten shall be reserved for a female candidate. The grand justices serving as president and vice president of the Judicial Yuan shall not enjoy the guarantee of an eight-year term. The structure, system, and number of personnel of each organization shall be determined according to the policies or operations of each organization and in accordance with the law as referred to in the preceding paragraph. Should a motion to impeach the president or the vice president initiated by the Legislative Yuan and presented to the grand justices of the Judicial Yuan for adjudication be upheld by the Constitutional Court, the impeached person shall forthwith be relieved of his duties. When the Legislative Yuan convenes each year, it may hear a report on the state of the nation by the president. The procedures for the exercise of powers by the National Assembly shall be determined by the Assembly itself. This shall be effective from the election for the ninth-term president and vice president in 1996. A new president and a new vice president shall be elected in accordance with Paragraph 1 of this article and shall serve out each respective original term until its expiration. Eighty delegates shall be elected from the nationwide constituency. . Article 9. The legislative powers vested in a county shall be exercised by the county council of the said county. A province shall have a provincial advisory council made up of a number of members, who shall be nominated by the president of the Executive Yuan and appointed by the president of the Republic. 2004) Page 6 • Duty to obey the constitution Article 5 The People's Republic of China exercises power in accordance with the law and establishes a socialist country under the rule of law. A county shall have a county government headed by a county magistrate who shall be elected by the people of the said county. Members of the Control Yuan shall be beyond party affiliation and independently exercise their powers and discharge their responsibilities in accordance with the law. Should more than one-half of the total number of Legislative Yuan members approve the motion, the president of the Executive Yuan shall tender his resignation within ten days, and at the same time may request that the president dissolve the Legislative Yuan. The provisions of Article 74 of the Constitution shall cease to apply. The powers, procedures of establishment, and total number of personnel of national organizations shall be subject to regulation under the guiding principles of the law. Disruption of the socialist system by any organization or individual is prohibited. . One hundred and sixty-eight members shall be elected from the Special Municipalities, counties, and cities in the free area. To confirm, in accordance with Article 5, Paragraph 1; Article 6, Paragraph 2; and Article 7, Paragraph 2 of the Additional Articles, the appointment of personnel nominated by the president. Delegates to the National Assembly shall be elected in accordance with the following provisions, the restric tions in Article 26 and Article 135 of the Constitution notwithstanding: 1. 5. Should the Legislative Yuan withhold ratification, the emergency order shall forthwith cease to be valid. The president may, by resolution of the Executive Yuan Council, issue emergency orders and take all necessary measures to avert imminent danger affecting the security of the State or of the people or to cope with any serious financial or economic crisis, the restrictions in Article 43 of the Constitution notwithstanding. Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China (2005) Article 2. China is one of the countries with the longest histories in the world. . The provisions of the preceding paragraph regarding term of office shall not apply. The State affirms cultural pluralism and shall actively preserve and foster the development of aboriginal languages and cultures. The provisions of Article 37 of the Constitution shall not apply. Impeachment proceedings by the Control Yuan against a public functionary in the central government, or local govern ments, or against personnel of the Judicial Yuan or the Examination Yuan, shall be initiated by two or more members of the Control Yuan, and be investigated and voted upon by a committee of not less than nine of its members, the restrictions in Article 98 of the Constitution notwithstanding. Should the Legislative Yuan be in recess, it shall convene of its own accord within seven days and reach a resolution within 15 days after the session begins. 2. Elections for members of the Taiwan Provincial Assembly and for the governor of Taiwan Province shall be suspended following the conclusion of the terms of office of the members of the Tenth Taiwan Provincial Assembly and of the first elected governor of Taiwan Province. The Legislative Yuan shall reach a resolution on the returned bill within 15 days after it is received. The socialist system is the basic system of the People s Republic of China. . The Examination Yuan shall be the highest examination body of the State, and shall be responsible for the following matters; and the provisions of Article 83 of the Constitution shall not apply: The Examination Yuan shall have a president, a vice president, and several members, all of whom shall be nominated and, with the consent of the Legislative Yuan, appointed by the president of the Republic; and the provisions of Article 84 of the Constitution shall not apply. Should the Legislative Yuan be in recess, it shall convene of its own accord within seven days and reach a resolution within 15 days after the session begins. The provi sions of Article 57 of the Constitution shall cease to apply. The structure, system, and number of personnel of each organization shall be determined according to the policies or operations of each organization and in accordance with the law as referred to in the preceding paragraph. The provisions of Article 85 of the Constitution concerning the holding of examinations in different areas, with pre scribed numbers of persons to be selected according to various provinces and areas, shall cease to apply. Four members each shall be elected from among the lowland and highland aborigines in the free area. The Constitution law of People's Republic of China . To elect the vice president in accordance with Article 2, Paragraph 7 of the Additional Articles when the said office becomes vacant. Matters relating to the qualification screening, security of tenure, pecuniary aid in case of death, and retirement of civil servants; and. The following English versions of the Constitution are from the Laws & Regulations Database of the Republic of China, provided by the Judicial Yuan: The Constitution of the Republic of China (Taiwan) (1947) The Additional Articles of the Constitution (2005) 4. At least one member shall be elected in each county and city. If the number of seats allotted to a Special Municipality, county or city under Item 1 of the preceding paragraph is not less than five and not more than ten, one of the seats shall be reserved for a female candidate; where the number exceeds ten, one seat out of each additional ten shall be reserved for a female candidate. It also excludes from copyright oral and literary news reports strictly intended to communicate facts, test questions from all kinds examinations held pursuant to laws or regulations, slogans and common symbols, terms, formulas, numerical charts, forms, notebooks, or almanacs. The State shall manage government-run financial organizations in line with the principles of business administration. All members shall be nominated by the president of the Executive Yuan and appointed by the president of the Republic. The 15 grand justices, including a president and a vice presi dent of the Judicial Yuan to be selected from from amongst them, shall be nominated and, with the consent of the National Assembly, appointed by the president of the Republic. The Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國憲法增修條文) are the revisions and constitutional amendments to the original constitution to meet the requisites of the nation and the political status of Taiwan. Except for general annual adjustments, individual provisions on increase of remuneration or pay shall take effect starting with the subsequent Legislative Yuan. The Constitution of the Republic of China (Taiwan). Assembly. 6. The Constitution of the Republic of China See also the Additional Articles (Adopted by the National Assembly on December 25, 1946, promulgated by the National Government on January 1, 1947, and effective from December 25, 1947.) The socialist system is the basic system of the People’s Republic of China. . The remuneration or pay of the members of the Legislative Yuan shall be prescribed by law. The provisions of Article 90 and Article 100 of the Constitution and Article 7, Paragraph 1 of the Additional Articles of the Constitution shall not apply. Article 1: The People’s Republic of China is a socialist State under the people’s democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants. 2. . 3. Should more than one-half of the total number of Legislative Yuan members approve the motion, the president of the Executive Yuan shall tender his resignation within ten days, and at the same time may request that the president dissolve the Legislative Yuan. This shall take effect from the year 2003, and the provisions of Article 79 of the Constitution shall not apply. Following the dissolution of the Legislature by the president and prior to the inauguration of new members, the Legisla ture shall be regarded as in recess. Presidential orders to appoint or remove from office the president of the Executive Yuan or personnel appointed with the confirmation of the National Assembly or Legislative Yuan in accordance with the Constitution, and to dissolve the Legisla tive Yuan, do not require the countersignature of the president of the Executive Yuan. Among the grand justices nominated by the president in the year 2003, eight members, including the president and the vice president of the Judicial Yuan, shall serve for four years. The Constitution of the Republic of China (中華民國憲法) is the fundamental law of the Republic of China (ROC), which currently controls the island of Taiwan and minor outlying islands. The defining feature of A province shall execute the orders of the Executive Yuan and supervise matters governed by the counties. . Following the dissolution of the Legislative Yuan by the president and prior to the inauguration of its new members, the Legislative Yuan shall be regarded as in recess. At least one member shall be elected from each county and city. Citizens of the free area of the Republic of China residing abroad may return to the ROC to exercise their electoral rights and this shall be stipulated by law. . 3. The State shall assist and protect the survival and development of private small and medium-sized enterprises. Article 1 The People s Republic of China is a socialist state under the people s democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants. The provisions of Article 91 through Article 93 of the Constitution shall cease to apply. The revised Additional Articles promulgated on July 21, 1997 would remain in effect. Should the Legislative Yuan not reach a resolution within the said period of time, the original bill shall become invalid. Priority shall be given to funding for education, science, and culture, and in particular funding for compulsory education, the restrictions prescribed in Article 164 of the Constitution notwithstanding. Should the no-confidence motion fail, the Legislative Yuan may not initiate another no-confidence motion against the same president of the Executive Yuan within one year. No member of the Legislative Yuan may, except in case of flagrante delicto, be arrested or detained without the permis sion of the Legislative Yuan when that body is in session. The terms of office for both the president and the vice president shall be four years. Should the Legislative Yuan withhold ratification, the emergency decree shall forthwith be void. Following the dissolution of the Legislative Yuan, an election for legislators shall be held within 60 days. Should more than one-half of the total number of Legislative Yuan members uphold the original bill, the president of the Executive Yuan shall immediately accept the said bill. The grand justices serving as president and vice president of the Judicial Yuan shall not enjoy the guarantee of an eight-year term. The remuneration or pay of the members of the National Assembly and the Legislative Yuan shall be regulated by law. The Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China . The pertinent provisions of Article 49 of the Constitution shall not apply. The provisions of Article 28, Paragraph 1 of the Constitution shall not apply. Following the dissolution of the Legislative Yuan, an election for legislators shall be held within 60 days. The powers of the National Assembly shall be as follows, and the provisions of Article 27, Paragraph 1, Item 1 and Item 2 of the Constitution shall not apply: 1. It vests all national legislative power in the hands of the National People’s Congress and its Standing Committee. Article 2 The sovereignty of the Republic of China shall reside in the whole body of citizens. The management, personnel, proposed budgets, final budgets, and audits of the said organizations may be specified by law. The people of all nationalities in China have jointly created a splendid culture and have a glorious revolutionary tradition. However, such orders shall, within ten days of issuance, be presented to the Legislative Yuan for ratification. Priority shall be given to funding social relief and assistance, and employment for citizens. Article 1 The People’s Republic of China is a socialist state governed by a people’s democratic dictatorship that is led by the working class and based on an alliance of workers and peasants. The State shall protect the dignity of women, safeguard their personal safety, eliminate sexual discrimination, and fur ther substantive gender equality. Legal matters relating to the employment, discharge, performance evaluation, scale of salaries, promotion, transfer, commendation and award of civil servants. The Judicial Yuan shall have 15 grand justices. Except for general annual adjustments, individual regulations on increase of remuneration or pay shall go into effect starting with the subsequent National Assembly or Legislative Yuan. The State shall assist and protect the survival and development of private small and medium-sized enterprises. The revision of the Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China was approved by the fifth session of the Third National Assembly on April 24, 2000, and promulgated by the president on April 25, 2000. The following is the complete text of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, as adopted on December 4, 1982. The proposed budget submitted annually by the Judicial Yuan may not be eliminated or reduced by the Executive Yuan; however, the Executive Yuan may indicate its opinions on the budget and include it in the central government's proposed budgetary bill for submission to the Legislative Yuan for deliberation. Rights and obligations between the people of the Chinese mainland area and those of the free area, and the disposition of other related affairs may be specified by law. An introduction to; entire official text; and additional articles. The provisions of Article 34 of the Constitution shall not apply. The Constitution of the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國憲法) is the fifth and current constitution of the Republic of China, ratified by the Kuomintang during the Constituent National Assembly [zh] session on December 25, 1946, in Nanjing, and adopted on December 25, 1947. However, the president shall not dissolve the Legislative Yuan while martial law or an emergency order is in effect. The terms of office for both the president and the vice president shall be four years. The provisions of the preceding paragraph regarding term of office shall not apply. No member of the Legislative Yuan may, except in case of flagrante delicto, be arrested or detained without the permis sion of the Legislative Yuan when that body is in session. Members of the Control Yuan shall be beyond party affiliation and independently exercise their powers and discharge their responsibilities in accordance with the law. The electronic text was acquired from the The Wiretap Electronic Text Archive and was marked up for Web display by Steve Mount.If you are aware of any changes to the Constitution that are not reflected on this page, please let us know. The State shall guarantee insurance, medical care, obstacle-free environments, education and training, vocational guidance, and support and assistance in everyday life for physically and mentally handicapped persons, and shall also assist them to attain independence and to develop. With the signatures of more than one-third of the total number of Legislative Yuan members, the Legislative Yuan may propose a no-confidence vote against the president of the Executive Yuan. The constitution, along with its Additional Articles, remains effective in ROC-controlled territories. Beginning with the Fourth Legislative Yuan, the Legislative Yuan shall have 225 members, who shall be elected in accordance with the following provisions, the restrictions in Article 64 of the Constitution notwithstanding: 1. The provisions of Article 4 and Article 174 of the Constitution shall not apply. The State shall also guarantee and provide assistance and encouragement for aboriginal education, culture, transportation, water conservation, health and medical care, economic activity, land, and social welfare, measures for which shall be established by law. Seventy-two hours after the no-confidence motion is made, an open-ballot vote shall be taken within 48 hours. Should the offices of both the president and the vice president become vacant, the president of the Executive Yuan shall exercise the official powers of the president and the vice president. In the case of impeachment by the Control Yuan of Control Yuan personnel for dereliction of duty or violation of the law, the provisions of Article 95 and Article 97, Paragraph 2 of the Constitution, as well as the preceding paragraph, shall apply. Eight members shall be elected from among the Chinese citizens who reside abroad. Revisions to Articles 1, 2, 4, 5, and 8 of, and addition of Article 12 to, the Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China, proposed and announced by the Legislative Yuan on August 26, 2004, adopted by the Fourth National Assembly on June 7, 2005, and promulgated by the president on June 10, 2005. To determine major policies for national security, the president may establish a national security council and a subsidiary national security bureau. 2. It also excludes from copyright oral and literary news reports strictly intended to communicate facts, test questions from all kinds examinations held pursuant to laws or regulations, slogans and common symbols, terms, formulas, numerical charts, forms, notebooks, or almanacs. Should the offices of both the president and the vice president become vacant, the president of the Executive Yuan shall exercise the official powers of the president and the vice president. The State shall respect military servicemen for their contributions to society, and guarantee studies, employment, medical care, and livelihood for retired servicemen. The provisions of Article 55 of the Constitution shall cease to apply. The State shall promote universal health insurance and promote the research and development of both modern and traditional medicines. When it meets to exercise the powers prescribed in Item 2 or Item 3 of the preceding paragraph, the session shall be convoked by the speaker of the National Assembly. The provisions of Article 37 of the Constitution shall not apply. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Constitution of the Republic of China (Taiwan). The provisions of Articles 25 through 34 and Article 135 of the Constitution shall cease to apply. China (People’s Republic of) 1982 (rev. Three delegates each shall be elected from among the lowland and highland aborigines in the free area. Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China; Original title: 中華民國憲法增修條文: Jurisdiction: Free area of the Republic of China: Ratified: April 22, 1991: Date effective: May 1, 1991: System: Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic: Branches: Five … Shall be elected by the People of the said organs shall be from. 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